Rice is among the most widely consumed meals crops of the world. This cereal foodstuff supplies nourishment to over half of the world's population. In reality, this staple meals supplies more than one fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by humans. India is the second largest producer of rice after China, accounting for about 90 million tons of production in the world. Rice is cultivated during both winter and summer, and there are more than 4000 forms of rice being grown each year.
Rice is defined as a cereal grain belonging to the grass family of 'Poaceae'. Rice belongs to two species of Poaceae crop, namely, 'Oryza Sativa' and 'Oryza.' The rice plant grows at 2-6 feet, with an upright stem and long, pointed and flat leaves. It has stalk bearing flowers from which the the rice grains are produced. The rice plant needs each warmth and moisture for its correct growth. Rice is typically grown as an annual plant, though in some tropical regions, it is usually grown as a perennial plant. It is considered to be one of the few crops that is non-glutenous and non-allergic.
In third world nations and growing countries, rice is without doubt one of the most commonly grown money crops. The truth is, rice is likely one of the oldest cereal crops cultivated by humans. The earliest forms of rice had been grown in China round 5000 years back. Since it's a major food supplement, it is commercially cultivated as a cash crop in lots of regions of the world.
Rice could be very nutritious and comprises loads of nutrients to provide energy and vitality to our body. Rice is a rich supply of carbohydrates as well as an important supply of storing the energy inside the body for its proper growth. Rice can be low on fat, salt and cholesterol, and thus helps in keeping the center healthy.
As pointed above, India is the second largest producer of rice in the world. The rich soil of India is thought for producing a few of the finest kinds of santino rice. Basmati rice is globally renowned for its distinctive odor and delicate flavour and Indian basmati rice is highly demanded on the earthwide market.
Following are the principle varieties of rice produced in India:
Basmati Rice: Often termed as the king of all rice, basmati rice is an ideal choice for an daily meal. Its delicate flavour and distinctive aroma makes this lengthy grain rice as probably the most wonderful rice among all varieties. The lengthy grain rice is further classified as 'Long Grain Brown Rice' and 'Long Grain White Rice'. India is the largest cultivator and exporter of this rice.
Medium Grain Rice: This type of rice has a creamy coloration and a slightly chewy texture. The kernels of this kind of rice are shorter and wider as compared to that of long grain rice and also do not always stay fluffy. It can also be further labeled as 'Medium Grain Brown Rice' and 'Medium Grain White Rice'.
Quick Grain Rice: Belonging to the 'Japonica' (spherical grained) category of rice, the grains of this type of rice have quick and plump kernels. This rice is identified as having a smooth, creamy texture, perfect for making rice pudding and different sweet dishes involving the usage of rice.